Walks for schools through culture, history and belief in Cambridge
Human Rights Walk (KS2) – Stop 1: The Round Church
At each stop on the walk there will be a story and an activity. Resources for these can be picked up at the Round Church at the start of the walk. These will include a teacher’s booklet (containing a set of maps, useful phone numbers and contact details, information about loos and picnic/snack points); instructions for the stories and activities; a set of resource cards displaying relevant images; a set of artefacts. However, copies of worksheets for children to use during the walk need to be downloaded and printed off at school and brought with you.
Anna Maria Vassa (1793–1797) and her father Olaudah Equiano – also known as Gustavus Vassa (1745–1797)
• Gather in the ‘round’ of the Round Church
• Show the picture of Anna Maria’s memorial – Resource Card A
I wonder if any of you know where this is or what it is?
(Memorial stone at St Andrew’s Church Chesterton)
• Read the memorial (but not the poem) and look at the date
“Near this place lies interred Anna Maria Vassa, daughter of Gustavus Vassa, the African. She died July 21 1797 aged 4 years.”
I wonder how long ago that was?
(over 200 years ago)
This is a very grand memorial for a little girl who died when she was only four. But she wasn’t an ordinary little girl – not many children in England at that time had a father who was from Africa. He even had two names. His African name was Olaudah Equiano, but sometimes he was called Gustavus Vassa, because that was his name when he was a slave. Anna Maria’s father had an amazing and sometimes terrible life. This is what he looked like when he was grown up:
• Show the picture of Olaudah – Resource Card B
One day, when he was only 11, he was at home with his sister, and his parents were out working in the fields. A gang of kidnappers climbed over the garden wall and grabbed the two children. They tied them up and carried them off. Every day they travelled further and further from home. Every night Olaudah and his sister lay huddled together trying to sleep. One morning, his sister was dragged out of his arms, and that is the last time Olaudah saw anyone from his family ever again.
I wonder how Olaudah felt?
Olaudah was sold as a slave to lots of different masters, and he was sent on a horrific voyage across the Atlantic Ocean on a slave ship.
• Show the map of Middle Passage – Resource Card C
In those days, lots of people in England thought it was all right to buy slaves in Africa, take them off in ships to America and the Caribbean, and force them to work growing things like sugar for people in England to eat and cotton to make clothes out of. Many English people became very wealthy because of the slave trade. They didn’t care how the slaves were treated.
Some of Olaudah’s masters were very cruel, but finally he was sold to the captain of a ship in the British navy, who treated him a bit better. Olaudah worked hard, learnt English, and started be rewarded with a bit of money. He saved up, and when he was 20 he managed to buy his freedom. He came to England because it wasn’t safe to go back to Africa, and wrote a book about his time as a slave.
• Show copy of book – Artefact 1
This book was really important because it helped people in England to understand how bad slavery was, and why it should be stopped. Olaudah travelled round the country, talking to people about his book and selling them copies. He got married to a lady called Susannah, from Soham, just outside Ely, and had two daughters called Anna Maria and Joanna. At last he had a family again! Then some sad things happened. Susannah died, and the girls came to Chesterton to stay with their grandmother, whilst their father continued his important work. Olaudah died in London when Anna Maria was four and she died soon after, probably of the measles, which was a much more serious illness in those days. But even after she died Anna Maria helped to continue her father’s work! There is a poem on her memorial stone about the children of Chesterton bringing white flowers to put on her grave. Every year, the children of St Andrew’s Church still put a wreath of white flowers beside her memorial on the Sunday nearest the anniversary of her death (21 July).
• Show the bunch of white flowers and ask for a volunteer to lay them beside the photo of the memorial – Artefact 2
The people of Chesterton also remember her father, his struggle against slavery, and the people around the world who are slaves even today. Her short life is still having a big impact.
Slave ship role-play
- Remind the children that Olaudah Equiano was taken on a slave ship across the Atlantic Ocean.
- Show the engraved plan of slave ship ‘The Brookes’ (Resource Card D), which was widely distributed in the late 1780’s, and helped draw public attention to the terrible conditions on board the slave ships.
- Point out how tightly the slaves are crammed in.
- Explain that the slaves would have been chained up throughout the voyage. Show the children a heavy chain and let them feel the weight (Artefact 3).
- Invite the children sit/lie on the floor in rows, squashed together, as they would have been on a slave ship.
- Ask them to close their eyes and imagine what it was like, whilst you read excerpts from Equiano’s description of the horrific conditions crossing the Middle Passage (they could pass the chain around as they listen):
“The sight of the sea and the slave ship … filled me with astonishment which was soon converted into terror when I was carried on board. … When I looked around I saw a multitude of black people of every description all chained together; every one of their faces expressing horror and dejection. I no longer doubted my fate; and, quite overpowered with horror and anguish, I fell motionless on the deck and fainted. … I was soon put down under the decks, and the stench that greeted my nostrils was worse than I had ever experienced in my life. … I feared I should be put to death, for the white people looked and acted in such a savage manner. I saw one man flogged so unmercifully with a large rope that he died, and they tossed him over the side as they would have done an animal. … The whole ship’s cargo was confined together, and the stench became absolutely pestilential. The closeness of the place, the heat of the climate, added to the number of slaves in the ship, which was so crowded that each had scarcely room to turn himself, almost suffocated us. This produced copious perspirations so that the air soon became unfit for breathing, from a variety of loathsome smells, and brought on a sickness among the slaves, of which many died. …
The wretched situation was aggravated by the rubbing of the chains, which now became unbearable, and the toilet tubs, into which children fell and were almost suffocated. The shrieks of the women, the groans of the dying, made the whole a scene of horror almost unimaginable.”
- Ask the children to describe how the experience made them feel, and what it would have been like for the slaves.
Response to Olaudah and Anna Maria’s Story
Ask the children to find the first activity sheet in their pack – with the flower template. Invite them to write a word in each petal of the flower showing what the story of Olaudah and Anna Maria has made them think of, and/or decorate the flower to show how the story has made them feel.